Obafemi Awolowo University

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Obafemi Awolowo University Inaugurates its One Health Team

Obafemi Awolowo University Inaugurates its One Health Team

Nigeria: Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife: The Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife Inaugurated its One Health team on Friday 25th February, 2022 at The College of Health Sciences Board room.

The meeting was Chaired and inaugurated by the Provost of the College of Health Sciences, Prof Babatope Kolawole, who was represented by the Dean, Faculty of Dentistry, Prof Morenike Ukpong, a member of the One Health Team.

The special guest of honour was Prof. F. A. Adesina, Executive Director of the Obafemi Awolowo University Central Office of Research represented by Prof. S. O. Oseni, the Director, University Research Office, and a member of the One Health Team.

Other team members include Professor Anthony. O. Onipede, Department of Medical Microbiology & Parasitology who leads the Team and Dr Olufemi Aluko, Environmental Health Unit of the Department of Community Health who serves as the Secretary. Other members are Prof S. Idowu Ola and Dr. Bukola O. Oyebanji of the Department of Animal Sciences; Dr B. Odetoyin and Dr. B.O. Olopade of the Department of Medical Microbiology & Parasitology, Dr. O. Sowemimo of the Department of Zoology, and Dr. T. Adeyanju of the Department of Community Health, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital Complex.

One Health is a collaborative, multisectoral, and trans-disciplinary approach - working at local, national and global levels – to achieve optimal health and well-being outcomes, recognizing the interconnections between people, animals, plants, and their shared environment. It can also be viewed as an approach towards designing, signing, and implementing programs, policies, legislations, and research in a systematic and integrative manner for optimal health outcomes.

Globally, the threat of infectious diseases, particularly emerging infectious diseases, originating at the human-animal-environment interface, has caught health systems off guard.

Emergence and re-emergence of diseases such as Lassa fever, Avian influenza, and Ebola and Corona viral diseases, which threatened socio-economic disruption, have heightened the need for inter-sectoral coordination/collaboration. There is also the need to support national and local multi-sectoral emergency preparedness.

The One Health Team initiative in OAU, is for the first time, promoting interactions among researchers in the College of Health Sciences, as well as in the Faculties of Agriculture, Pharmacy and Science. This should foster integrative and systems’ thinking in the global One Health Research & Development  agenda for the benefit of humanity, animals, environment, and the ecosystem as a whole.  

The primary aim of the team is to provide research-based evidence to drive the implementation of the 2019-2023 National One Health Strategic Plan. Another major aim is to connect with global stakeholders and institutions driving the One Health agenda. Already, links have been established with the Institute for Translational and Emerging Research in Advanced Comparative Therapy (INTERACT), Oklahoma State University, USA, as well as the Humanimal Trust, United Kingdom.  

One of the efforts in this direction is to work with the Oklahoma State University to implement a MoU that promises to strengthen capacities for course integration of One Health for the different disciplines and cadre of manpower development engaged in all the interfaces of health at the university. Furthermore, the overall impact of this MoU will enhance the capacity of the One Health Team at the Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, to lead cutting edge research on pathogen genomics and molecular diagnostics. 

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OAU Health Centre Advisory on Stress Management

MODULE 1: STRESS MANAGEMENT

Introduction

Stress is defined as a state of mental tension and worry caused by problems in your life, work etc. It is normal and productive up to a breaking point where stress becomes counterproductive and inimical to health and productivity. Stress is often relative: what is stressing someone may not be affecting another. And what constitutes stress for someone at a time may not be a problem at some other time. As the body is ageing, the ability to cope with certain stressful conditions may also decline.

Key Stressors

Personal- Health challenges can be a source of stress, these may be of long-standing duration such as, hypertension, diabetes or recurrent attacks of acute illnesses such as malaria etc. The health condition may even be a congenital or inherited disorder such as sickle cell anemia, congenital heart disease etc. It may be very challenging to be able to check, monitor and adequately manage some of these conditions that require periodic hospital visits, laboratory investigations and regular treatment. There are many that have some of these conditions that have never been diagnosed. Whenever they feel stressed, they will just go for self-medication. By the time it would be detected, things would have gone very bad. Exhaustion can cause physical stress due to all work and no vacation.

 

Financial stress can occur due to a relative or absolute insufficiency and economic lack. There are a lot of pressures that come when you have taken so much loans beyond the capacity of the expected income.

Family- Challenges and issues at home affects many people significantly. Marital disharmony and problem children can cause stress. The issues may be due to night shift, causing poor adjustment from the spouse and may be related to lack of trust and suspicion. And it may also be money related. There are people that become unduly aggressive due to transfer of aggression from home issues.

Work environment- Dangerous and risky work environment can sometimes cause stress. There are bosses or colleagues that could be very unfriendly and difficult, and they create a work environment filled with rivalry, envy and competition.

National and Global Issues- political unrest, insecurities in the nation, poor social welfare, bad roads, poorly funded health and education system etc. are just to mention a few. These bring stress to an average Nigerian in significant ways. Global burdens- global unrest, climate change and global instability are also significantly stressful.

The interplay of all these factors makes it very difficult for stress to be managed properly.

The under-listed points are a few habits you can cultivate to ameliorate stress:

  1. You will need to acknowledge that you are human and that you are subject to breaking down.
  2. You must take life easy, do not be anxious for anything, cultivate the habit of rest, reduce salt and sugar
  3. Take a lot of water daily (3-4 litres). Cut down on snacks and fried
  4. Go for periodic medical check-up, do not be in
  5. Go for annual leave, use it to rest, relax and do medical check-ups during the
  6. Engage in regular exercise: a brisk walk of about 30 minutes per day for about 3-4days in a week is
  7. Ask questions from your doctor and listen to his advice.
  8. Stop alcoholic beverages, stop smoking cigarettes, shisha, Indian hemp,
  9. Shun illicit
  10. Avoid friends engaging in all these dangerous
  11. Do not take too much loan. Only go for facilities you can easily pay
  12. Do not be hasty to get anything
  13. Go for knowledge, listen to news and be current about happenings around. Read books about other life
  14. Learn to play and watch games and movies with
  15. Have a social and a religious life. Listen to good music and learn to
  16. There is a God who cares and takes care of your Life could be too strenuous without you knowing God personally. It's not just about religion.
  17. Make friends and be friendly especially with your colleagues at Watch their back and be very helpful in their time of need.
  18. Be punctual and be dedicated to your

 

You may feel you need to talk to someone about your stress. Do not hesitate to do so. Remember: If health is lost, all is lost.

 

Signed

OAU Health Centre Management

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